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jujube

[joo-joob] /ˈdʒu dʒub/
noun
1.
a small candy or lozenge of gum arabic, gelatin, or the like and fruit flavoring.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin jujuba < Latin zīziphum < Greek zízyphon jujube tree
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jujubes

jujube

/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/
noun
1.
any of several Old World spiny rhamnaceous trees of the genus Ziziphus, esp Z. jujuba, that have small yellowish flowers and dark red edible fruits See also Christ's-thorn
2.
the fruit of any of these trees
3.
a chewy sweet made of flavoured gelatine and sometimes medicated to soothe sore throats
Also called (for senses 1, 2) Chinese date
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin jujuba, modification of Latin zīzyphum, from Greek zizuphon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for jujubes

jujube

n.

late 14c., "date-like fruit from a tree found in Asia," from Medieval Latin jujuba (plural), from Late Latin zizyphum, from zizyphus, an Asiatic tree with datelike fruit, from Greek zizyphon, from Persian zayzafun. The meaning "soft candy with date-like flavor" first recorded 1835.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for jujubes

jujube

either of two species of small, spiny trees of the genus Ziziphus (family Rhamnaceae) and their fruit. Most are varieties of the common jujube (Z. jujuba), native to China, where they have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years. This species, 7.6 to 9 m (25 to 30 feet) high, has alternate, three-veined, elliptical to ovate leaves 2.5 to 7.6 cm (1 to 3 inches) long. The small yellow flowers are followed by dark brown, round to oblong fruits the size of small plums. The white, crisp pulp surrounds a single large, pointed stone

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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