jump bail

bail

1 [beyl] Law.
noun
1.
property or money given as surety that a person released from custody will return at an appointed time.
2.
the person who agrees to be liable if someone released from custody does not return at an appointed time.
3.
the state of release upon being bailed.
4.
on bail, released or free as a result of having posted bond: He was out on bail within 10 hours of his arrest.
verb (used with object)
5.
to grant or obtain the liberty of (a person under arrest) on security given for his or her appearance when required, as in court for trial.
6.
to deliver possession of (goods) for storage, hire, or other special purpose, without transfer of ownership.
Idioms
7.
go/stand bail for, to provide bail for: They spent the night in jail because no one would stand bail for them.
8.
jump bail, to abscond while free on bail: The suspect jumped bail and is now being sought.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English bayle < Anglo-French bail custody, charge < Old French, noun derivative of baillier to hand over < Latin bāiulāre to serve as porter verbal derivative of bāiulus porter, perhaps an Imperial Latin borrowing from Moesia < *ba(r)i̯- carry (akin to Albanian m-ba hold) < *bhor-i̯-; see bear1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To jump bail
Collins
World English Dictionary
bail1 (beɪl)
 
n
1.  a sum of money by which a person is bound to take responsibility for the appearance in court of another person or himself or herself, forfeited if the person fails to appear
2.  the person or persons so binding themselves; surety
3.  the system permitting release of a person from custody where such security has been taken: he was released on bail
4.  jump bail, forfeit bail to fail to appear in court to answer to a charge
5.  stand bail, go bail to act as surety (for someone)
 
vb
6.  (often foll by out) to release or obtain the release of (a person) from custody, security having been made
 
[C14: from Old French: custody, from baillier to hand over, from Latin bāiulāre to carry burdens, from bāiulus carrier, of obscure origin]

bail or bale2 (beɪl)
 
vb
(often foll by out) to remove (water) from (a boat)
 
[C13: from Old French baille bucket, from Latin bāiulus carrier]
 
bale or bale2
 
vb
 
[C13: from Old French baille bucket, from Latin bāiulus carrier]
 
'bailer or bale2
 
n
 
'baler or bale2
 
n

bail3 (beɪl)
 
n
1.  cricket either of two small wooden bars placed across the tops of the stumps to form the wicket
2.  agriculture
 a.  a partition between stalls in a stable or barn, for horses
 b.  a portable dairy house built on wheels or skids
3.  (Austral), (NZ) a framework in a cowshed used to secure the head of a cow during milking
 
vb
4.  See bail up
 
[C18: from Old French baile stake, fortification, probably from Latin baculum stick]

bail or bale4 (beɪl)
 
n
1.  the semicircular handle of a kettle, bucket, etc
2.  a semicircular support for a canopy
3.  a movable bar on a typewriter that holds the paper against the platen
 
[C15: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Old Norse beygja to bend]
 
bale or bale4
 
n
 
[C15: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Old Norse beygja to bend]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bail
"bond money," late 15c., a sense that developed from that of "temporary release from jail" (mid-15c.), and that from earlier meaning "captivity, custody" (mid-13c.). From O.Fr. baillier "to control, to guard, deliver" (12c.), from L. bajulare "to bear a burden," from bajulus "porter," of unknown origin.

bail
1610s, "to dip water out of," from baile (n.) "small bucket" (early 14c.), from O.Fr. baille "bucket, pail," from M.L. *bajula (aquae), lit. "porter of water," from L. bajulare "to bear a burden" (see bail (n.1)). To bail out "leave suddenly" (intrans.) is recorded from 1930,
originally of airplane pilots. As a noun, sometimes bailout, it dates from 1955.

bail
"horizontal piece of wood in a cricket wicket," c.1742, originally "any cross bar" (1570s), probably identical with M.Fr. bail "horizontal piece of wood affixed on two stakes," and with English bail "palisade wall, outer wall of a castle" (see bailey).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

jump bail

see skip bail.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Cite This Source
Idioms & Phrases
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature