jurisdiction

[joor-is-dik-shuhn]
noun
1.
the right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and determining controversies.
2.
power; authority; control: He has jurisdiction over all American soldiers in the area.
3.
the extent or range of judicial, law enforcement, or other authority: This case comes under the jurisdiction of the local police.
4.
the territory over which authority is exercised: All islands to the northwest are his jurisdiction.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English < Latin jūris dictiōn- stem of jūris dictiō (see jus, diction); replacing Middle English jurediccioun < Old French juredicion < Latin, as above

jurisdictional, adjective
jurisdictive, adjective
jurisdictionally, adverb
prejurisdiction, noun
superjurisdiction, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
jurisdiction (ˌdʒʊərɪsˈdɪkʃən)
 
n
1.  the right or power to administer justice and to apply laws
2.  the exercise or extent of such right or power
3.  power or authority in general
 
[C13: from Latin jūrisdictiō administration of justice; see jus, diction]
 
juris'dictional
 
adj
 
juris'dictionally
 
adv
 
juris'dictive
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

jurisdiction
c.1300 "administration of justice" (attested from 1267 in Anglo-L.), from L. jurisdictionem (nom. jurisdictio) "administration of justice, jurisdiction," from jus (gen. juris; see jurist) "right, law" + dictionem (nom. dictio) "a saying." Meaning "extent or range of administrative
power" is from c.1380.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Most jurisdictions plan and provide advice on alternatives when any thing of
  this nature is introduced.
The next year, the decision of whether or not to observe daylight saving time
  was left up to individual jurisdictions.
Local prosecutors in three jurisdictions must decide whether to bring charges.
Tracks and manages varying sales-tax payments due in multiple jurisdictions.
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