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jurisdiction

[joo r-is-dik-shuh n] /ˌdʒʊər ɪsˈdɪk ʃən/
noun
1.
the right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and determining controversies.
2.
power; authority; control:
He has jurisdiction over all American soldiers in the area.
3.
the extent or range of judicial, law enforcement, or other authority:
This case comes under the jurisdiction of the local police.
4.
the territory over which authority is exercised:
All islands to the northwest are his jurisdiction.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Latin jūris dictiōn- stem of jūris dictiō (see jus, diction); replacing Middle English jurediccioun < Old French juredicion < Latin, as above
Related forms
jurisdictional, adjective
jurisdictive, adjective
jurisdictionally, adverb
prejurisdiction, noun
superjurisdiction, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for jurisdictions
  • Most jurisdictions plan and provide advice on alternatives when any thing of this nature is introduced.
  • The next year, the decision of whether or not to observe daylight saving time was left up to individual jurisdictions.
  • Local prosecutors in three jurisdictions must decide whether to bring charges.
  • Tracks and manages varying sales-tax payments due in multiple jurisdictions.
  • For example, many jurisdictions require that networking cable must be several inches away from electrical wiring.
  • Wages are lower in certain jurisdictions and so are certain standards.
  • It aimed to get jurisdictions to collect better information and to share it with foreign tax authorities when necessary.
  • More confusingly, some jurisdictions straddle both categories.
  • In the new global economy, people and firms can flee to other tax jurisdictions rather than paying an onerous tax.
  • They would much rather see mergers of clearing and settlement businesses in different jurisdictions, which could bring down costs.
British Dictionary definitions for jurisdictions

jurisdiction

/ˌdʒʊərɪsˈdɪkʃən/
noun
1.
the right or power to administer justice and to apply laws
2.
the exercise or extent of such right or power
3.
power or authority in general
Derived Forms
jurisdictional, adjective
jurisdictionally, adverb
jurisdictive, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Latin jūrisdictiō administration of justice; see jus, diction
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for jurisdictions

jurisdiction

n.

early 14c. "administration of justice" (attested from mid-13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French juridiccion (13c.) and directly from Latin iurisdictionem (nominative iurisdictio) "administration of justice, jurisdiction," from ius (genitive iuris; see jurist) "right, law" + dictio "a saying" (see diction). Meaning "extent or range of administrative power" is from late 14c. Related: Jurisdictional.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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