jus gentium

jus gentium

[juhs jen-shee-uhm]
noun Roman Law.
See under jus civile.

Origin:
1540–50; < Latin: law of the nations

Dictionary.com Unabridged

jus civile

[juhs si-vahy-lee, -vee-] .
noun Roman Law.
the rules and principles of law derived from the customs and legislation of Rome, as opposed to those derived from the customs of all nations (jus gentium) or from fundamental ideas of right and wrong implicit in the human mind (jus naturale)

Origin:
< Latin: civil law

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
jus civile (sɪˈviːlɪ)
 
n
1.  the civil law of the Roman state
2.  jus gentium Compare jus naturale the body of law derived from the principles of this law
 
[from Latin]

jus gentium (ˈdʒɛntɪəm)
 
n
Roman law those rules of law common to all nations
 
[from Latin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

jus gentium

(Latin: "law of nations"), in legal theory, that law which natural reason establishes for all men, as distinguished from jus civile, or the civil law peculiar to one state or people. Roman lawyers and magistrates originally devised jus gentium as a system of equity applying to cases between foreigners and Roman citizens. The concept originated in the Romans' assumption that any rule of law common to all nations must be fundamentally valid and just. They broadened the concept to refer to any rule that instinctively commended itself to their sense of justice. Eventually the term became synonymous with equity, or the praetorian law. In modern law, there is a distinction between jus gentium privatum, which denotes private international law, otherwise known as conflict of laws, and jus gentium publicum, which denotes the system of rules governing the intercourse of nations

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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