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jus gentium

[juhs jen-shee-uh m] /ˈdʒʌs ˈdʒɛn ʃi əm/
noun, Roman Law.
1.
See under jus civile.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Latin: law of the nations

jus civile

[juhs si-vahy-lee, -vee-] /ˈdʒʌs sɪˈvaɪ li, -ˈvi-/
noun, Roman Law.
1.
the rules and principles of law derived from the customs and legislation of Rome, as opposed to those derived from the customs of all nations (jus gentium) or from fundamental ideas of right and wrong implicit in the human mind (jus naturale)
Origin
< Latin: civil law
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for jus gentium

jus gentium

/ˈdʒɛntɪəm/
noun
1.
(Roman law) those rules of law common to all nations
Word Origin
from Latin

jus civile

/sɪˈviːlɪ/
noun
1.
the civil law of the Roman state
2.
the body of law derived from the principles of this law Compare jus gentium, jus naturale
Word Origin
from Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for jus gentium

(Latin: "law of nations"), in legal theory, that law which natural reason establishes for all men, as distinguished from jus civile, or the civil law peculiar to one state or people. Roman lawyers and magistrates originally devised jus gentium as a system of equity applying to cases between foreigners and Roman citizens. The concept originated in the Romans' assumption that any rule of law common to all nations must be fundamentally valid and just. They broadened the concept to refer to any rule that instinctively commended itself to their sense of justice. Eventually the term became synonymous with equity, or the praetorian law. In modern law, there is a distinction between jus gentium privatum, which denotes private international law, otherwise known as conflict of laws, and jus gentium publicum, which denotes the system of rules governing the intercourse of nations

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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