juxtaposition

[juhk-stuh-puh-zish-uhn]
noun
1.
an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
2.
the state of being close together or side by side.

Origin:
1655–65; < French < Latin juxtā side by side + French position position

juxtapositional, adjective
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World English Dictionary
juxtapose (ˌdʒʌkstəˈpəʊz)
 
vb
(tr) to place close together or side by side
 
[C19: back formation from juxtaposition, from Latin juxta next to + position]
 
juxtapo'sition
 
n
 
juxtapo'sitional
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

juxtaposition
1660s, coined in Fr. 17c. from L. juxta "beside, near" + Fr. position (see position (n.)). Latin juxta is a contraction of *jugista (adv.), superlative of adj. *jugos "closely connected," from stem of jugum "yoke," from jungere "to join" (see jugular).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

juxtaposition jux·ta·po·si·tion (jŭk'stə-pə-zĭsh'ən)
n.
The state of being placed or situated side by side.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
The drama of the juxtaposition was lost in the shuffle.
And it's not just a juxtaposition of pattern but of time as well, combining the
  not-so-distant geologic past with the present.
Subtle colored backgrounds harmonize the juxtaposition of black-and-white
  sketches and prints with color reproductions.
This cultural juxtaposition is clearly revealed on the show.
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