juxtaposition

[juhk-stuh-puh-zish-uhn]
noun
1.
an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
2.
the state of being close together or side by side.

Origin:
1655–65; < French < Latin juxtā side by side + French position position

juxtapositional, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

juxtaposition
1660s, coined in Fr. 17c. from L. juxta "beside, near" + Fr. position (see position (n.)). Latin juxta is a contraction of *jugista (adv.), superlative of adj. *jugos "closely connected," from stem of jugum "yoke," from jungere "to join" (see jugular).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

juxtaposition jux·ta·po·si·tion (jŭk'stə-pə-zĭsh'ən)
n.
The state of being placed or situated side by side.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
These juxtapositions inevitably focus on the shortcomings of the prescriptive
  system with respect to performance-based design.
The result is a refreshing display of thoughtful pairings and juxtapositions,
  including works by some lesser-known artists.
It is disorienting both because of dark and bright juxtapositions and the
  discontinuities in the diurnal motion.
It gives visitors a chance to take in a country full of juxtapositions.
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