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Brush

[bruhsh] /brʌʃ/
noun
1.
Katharine, 1902–52, U.S. novelist and short-story writer.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for k. brush

brush1

/brʌʃ/
noun
1.
a device made of bristles, hairs, wires, etc, set into a firm back or handle: used to apply paint, clean or polish surfaces, groom the hair, etc
2.
the act or an instance of brushing
3.
a light stroke made in passing; graze
4.
a brief encounter or contact, esp an unfriendly one; skirmish
5.
the bushy tail of a fox, often kept as a trophy after a hunt, or of certain breeds of dog
6.
an electric conductor, esp one made of carbon, that conveys current between stationary and rotating parts of a generator, motor, etc
7.
a dark brush-shaped region observed when a biaxial crystal is viewed through a microscope, caused by interference between beams of polarized light
verb
8.
(transitive) to clean, polish, scrub, paint, etc, with a brush
9.
(transitive) to apply or remove with a brush or brushing movement: brush the crumbs off the table
10.
(transitive) to touch lightly and briefly
11.
(intransitive) to move so as to graze or touch something lightly
Derived Forms
brusher, noun
brushlike, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French broisse, perhaps from brocebrush²

brush2

/brʌʃ/
noun
1.
a thick growth of shrubs and small trees; scrub
2.
land covered with scrub
3.
broken or cut branches or twigs; brushwood
4.
wooded sparsely populated country; backwoods
Word Origin
C16 (dense undergrowth), C14 (cuttings of trees): from Old French broce, from Vulgar Latin bruscia (unattested) brushwood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for k. brush

brush

n.

"dust-sweeper, a brush for sweeping," late 14c., also, c.1400, "brushwood, brushes;" from Old French broisse (Modern French brosse) "a brush" (13c.), perhaps from Vulgar Latin *bruscia "a bunch of new shoots" (used to sweep away dust), perhaps from Proto-Germanic *bruskaz "underbrush."

"shrubbery," early 14c., from Anglo-French bruce "brushwood," Old North French broche, Old French broce "bush, thicket, undergrowth" (12c., Modern French brosse), from Gallo-Romance *brocia, perhaps from *brucus "heather," or possibly from the same source as brush (n.1).

v.

late 15c., "to clean or rub (clothing) with a brush," also (mid-15c.) "to beat with a brush," from brush (n.1). Related: Brushed; brushing. To brush off someone or something, "rebuff, dismiss," is from 1941.

"move briskly" especially past or against something or someone, 1670s, from earlier sense (c.1400) "to hasten, rush," probably from brush (n.2), on the notion of a horse, etc., passing through dense undergrowth (cf. Old French brosser "travel (through woods)," and Middle English noun brush "charge, onslaught, encounter," mid-14c.), but brush (n.1) probably has contributed something to it as well. Related: Brushed; brushing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for k. brush

brush

noun
  1. A mustache (1820s+)
  2. A fight; squabble; disagreement: have had drug or alcohol problems, and have experienced a ''brush with the law'' (1840s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with k. brush
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for k. brush

brush

device composed of natural or synthetic fibres set into a handle that is used for cleaning, grooming, polishing, writing, or painting. Brushes were used by man as early as the Paleolithic Period (began about 2,500,000 years ago) to apply pigment, as shown by the cave paintings of Altamira in Spain and the Perigord in France. In historical times the early Egyptians used brushes to create their elaborate tomb paintings, while the ancient Chinese employed the tip of a long-haired brush to make the many intricate characters of their writing, a practice continued in the Orient today.

Learn more about brush with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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