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kalif

[key-lif, kal-if] /ˈkeɪ lɪf, ˈkæl ɪf/
noun
1.

caliph

or calif, kalif, kaliph, khalif

[key-lif, kal-if] /ˈkeɪ lɪf, ˈkæl ɪf/
noun
1.
a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
2.
any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924).
Origin of caliph
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English caliphe, califfe < Middle French < Medieval Latin calipha < Arabic khalīf(a) successor (of Muhammad), derivative of khalafa succeed
Related forms
caliphal
[kal-uh-fuh l, key-luh-] /ˈkæl ə fəl, ˈkeɪ lə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for kalif
Historical Examples
  • Because of Ayesha's intrigues Ali was unable to succeed Mohammed as kalif.

    Oriental Women Edward Bagby Pollard
  • He raised the lid and showed the wondering kalif the two stones.

  • When they are blotted out, we take the sultan and kalif unawares!

    God Wills It! William Stearns Davis
  • The kalif, Hakin, who founded the religion of the Druses, re-enacted this law.

    Dealings With The Dead A Sexton of the Old School
  • By refusing the kalif's daughter he had put his neck in peril once; to decline this second honor would be to invite the bowstring.

    God Wills It! William Stearns Davis
  • The power of the kalif of Bagdad, at best but nominal, is reduced still more by Togrul.

  • There is a rumor that if the two overcome the Christians, they turn their arms against the kalif and the arch-sultan next.

    God Wills It! William Stearns Davis
  • The kalif, loath to put so brave a knight to death, cast him into prison.

British Dictionary definitions for kalif

kalif

/ˈkeɪlɪf; ˈkæl-/
noun
1.
a variant spelling of caliph

caliph

/ˈkeɪlɪf; ˈkæl-/
noun
1.
(Islam) the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kalif

caliph

n.

late 14c., from Old French caliphe (12c., also algalife), from Medieval Latin califa, from Arabic khalifa "successor," originally Abu-Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet's death.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
13
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