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capital, Ishikawa ken (prefecture), Japan, on the Sai River. In the 16th century the city and the province of Kaga were given to the Maeda family, the richest daimyo family in Tokugawa times; Kanazawa remained under their jurisdiction for approximately 300 years. The walls, gates, and a few buildings of the Maeda family's castle remain, giving the city the atmosphere of traditional Japan. Kenroku-en, formerly their garden, is an excellent example of Japanese landscape gardening. Manufacturing developed from Kanazawa's luxury industries of fine lacquer and Kutani ware porcelain. An ancient silk industry has been expanded to include cotton, woolen, rayon, and nylon textiles. Kanazawa University was founded in the city in 1949. Pop. (2005) 454,607.