Karroo

Karroo

[kuh-roo]
noun, plural Karroos for 2.
1.
a vast plateau in the S Republic of South Africa, in Cape of Good Hope province. 100,000 sq. mi. (260,000 sq. km); 3000–4000 feet (900–1200 meters) above sea level.
2.
(lowercase) an arid South African tableland with red clay soil.

Origin:
< Afrikaans kar(r)oo < Khoikhoi; compare Xhaeruh, Phaeruh place name recorded in 1689, Nama garo parched, dry, arid, !garo-b desolate waste

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Karoo or Karroo (kəˈruː)
 
n , pl -roos
1.  any of several high arid plateaus in South Africa, esp the Central Karoo and the Little Karoo. The highveld, north of the Central Karoo, is sometimes called the Northern Karoo
2.  a period or rock system in Southern Africa equivalent to the period or system extending from the Upper Carboniferous to the Lower Jurassic: divided into Lower and Upper Karoo
 
adj
3.  of, denoting, or formed in the Karoo period
 
[C18: from Afrikaans karo, probably from Khoikhoi garo desert]
 
Karroo or Karroo
 
n
 
adj
 
[C18: from Afrikaans karo, probably from Khoikhoi garo desert]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
karoo also karroo   (kə-r')  Pronunciation Key 
A semiarid plateau. The most well-known karoos cover nearly 400,000 sq km (156,000 sq mi) of southern Africa. Karoos are terrace shaped and characterized by low scrub vegetation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

karroo

arid to semiarid geographic region of Eastern Cape, Western Cape, and Northern Cape provinces, South Africa. The Karoo is best defined by its vegetation, which consists of assorted succulents and low scrub bushes spaced from one foot to several feet apart. The area is devoid of surface water, and its name is derived from the Khoisan word meaning "land of thirst." Its subregions include the intermontane vales of Little Karoo and Great Karoo in the lesser-elevated areas of Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces and the main Karoo (or Upper Karoo) spanning the vast highland plateau of Northern Cape province to the north and east of the Great Escarpment. Altogether the Karoo occupies about 153,000 square miles (395,000 square km), about one-third of the total area of South Africa.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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