noun, plural katabases [kuh-tab-uh-seez] .
a march from the interior of a country to the coast, as that of the 10,000 Greeks after their defeat and the death of Cyrus the Younger at Cunaxa.
a retreat, especially a military retreat.
Compare anabasis.

1830–40; < Greek katábasis a going down, descent, equivalent to kataba- (stem of katabaínein to go down) + -sis -sis. See kata-, basis

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katabasis (kəˈtæbəsɪs)
n , pl -ses
1.  Compare anabasis the retreat of the Greek mercenaries of Cyrus the Younger, after his death at Cunaxa, from the Euphrates to the Black Sea in 401--400 bc under the leadership of Xenophon: recounted in his Anabasis
2.  literary a retreat
[C19: from Greek: a going down, from katabainein to go down]

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