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katabasis

[kuh-tab-uh-sis] /kəˈtæb ə sɪs/
noun, plural katabases
[kuh-tab-uh-seez] /kəˈtæb əˌsiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
a march from the interior of a country to the coast, as that of the 10,000 Greeks after their defeat and the death of Cyrus the Younger at Cunaxa.
2.
a retreat, especially a military retreat.
Compare anabasis.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Greek katábasis a going down, descent, equivalent to kataba- (stem of katabaínein to go down) + -sis -sis. See kata-, basis
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for katabases

katabasis

/kəˈtæbəsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
the retreat of the Greek mercenaries of Cyrus the Younger, after his death at Cunaxa, from the Euphrates to the Black Sea in 401–400 bc under the leadership of Xenophon: recounted in his Anabasis Compare anabasis
2.
(literary) a retreat
Word Origin
C19: from Greek: a going down, from katabainein to go down
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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