citadel, a city in the lowlands of Judah (Josh. 15:44). David rescued it from the attack of the Philistines (1 Sam. 23:1-8); but the inhabitants proving unfaithful to him, in that they sought to deliver him up to Saul (13), he and his men "departed from Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go." They fled to the hill Hareth, about 3 miles to the east, and thence through Hebron to Ziph (q.v.). "And David was in the wilderness of Ziph, in a wood" (1 Sam. 23:15). Here Jonathan sought him out, "and strengthened his hand in God." This was the last interview between David and Jonathan (23:16-18). It is the modern Khurbet Kila. Others identify it with Khuweilfeh, between Beit Jibrin (Eleutheropolis) and Beersheba, mentioned in the Amarna tablets.
For what foundation can God have for seeing what the people of keilah would do?
When it was reported to Saul that David had escaped from keilah, he no longer followed him.
Next unto him repaired Hashabiah, the ruler of the half part of keilah, in his part.
And it was told Saul that David was escaped from keilah; and he forbare to go forth.
He sought to know if he would be safe from his enemy, Saul, if he stayed at keilah.
So David and his men went to keilah and fought with the Philistines and drove away their cattle and killed a great many of them.
Malkiel has written to Tagi and his sons: Let our two forces grant all their desire to the people of keilah.
So Saul called all the people to arms to go down to keilah to besiege David and his men.
Thence it is half a day's journey to Kako, the keilah of Scripture.
Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, left keilah, and wandered from one place to another.