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unit of absolute temperature scale, 1911, in honor of British physicist Sir William Thompson, Lord Kelvin (1824-1907).
Kelvin scale n.
An absolute scale of temperature in which each degree equals one kelvin. Water freezes at 273.15 K and boils at 373.15 K. Also called absolute scale.
kelvin kel·vin (kěl'vĭn)
A unit of temperature in the Kelvin scale equal to 1/273.16 of the absolute temperature of the triple point of pure water.
|Kelvin scale |
A scale of temperature beginning at absolute zero (-273.15°C or -459.67°F). Each degree, or kelvin, represents the same temperature increment as one degree on the Celsius scale. On the Kelvin scale water freezes at 273.15 K and boils at 373.15 K.
The standard temperature scale in scientific work, proposed by Lord Kelvin. A degree on the Kelvin scale is the same size as a degree on the Celsius scale, but the Kelvin scale starts at absolute zero instead of at the freezing point of water. Thus, on the Kelvin scale, absolute zero is zero degrees, ice melts at about 273 degrees, and water boils at about 373 degrees.
base unit of thermodynamic temperature measurement in the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as 10027,316 of the triple point (equilibrium among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases) of pure water. The kelvin is also the fundamental unit of the Kelvin scale, an absolute temperature scale named for the British physicist William Thomson (known as Lord Kelvin). An absolute temperature scale has as its zero point absolute zero (273.15 on the Celsius temperature scale and 459.67 on the Fahrenheit temperature scale), the theoretical temperature at which the molecules of a substance have the lowest energy-hence, all values on such a scale are nonnegative. Many physical laws and formulas can be expressed more simply when an absolute temperature scale is used; accordingly, the Kelvin scale has been adopted as the international standard for scientific temperature measurement. The difference between the freezing and boiling points of water is 100 degrees in both the Kelvin and the Celsius scale; thus, the Kelvin degree has the same magnitude as the Celsius degree