kerne

kern

3 [kurn]
noun Archaic.
1.
a band of lightly armed foot soldiers of ancient Ireland.
2.
(in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands) a soldier.
3.
an Irish peasant, especially a crude or boorish one.
Also, kerne.


Origin:
1325–75; Middle English kerne < Irish ceithern band of foot soldiers; cf. cateran

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kern or kerne1 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  the part of the character on a piece of printer's type that projects beyond the body
 
vb
2.  (tr) to furnish (a typeface) with a kern
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]
 
kerne or kerne1
 
n
 
vb
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]

kern2 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  a lightly armed foot soldier in medieval Ireland or Scotland
2.  a troop of such soldiers
3.  archaic a loutish peasant
 
[C14: from Middle Irish cethern band of foot soldiers, from cath battle]

kern3 (kɜːn)
 
n
engineering the central area of a wall, column, etc, through which all compressive forces pass
 
[from German Kern core, heart]

Kern (kɜːn)
 
n
Jerome (David). 1885--1945, US composer of musical comedies, esp Show Boat (1927)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

kern
1683, "part of a metal type projecting beyond the body," as the head of an -f- or the tail of a -j-, from Fr. carne "projecting angle, quill of a pen," from L. cardinem "hinge."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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