ketone body

ketone body

noun Biochemistry.
any of three compounds, acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, or acetone, that are intermediate in the metabolism of fatty acids and that are found in abnormal quantities in the blood and urine during certain pathological conditions, as diabetes mellitus.
Also called acetone body.


Origin:
1910–15

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World English Dictionary
ketone body
 
n
biochem Also called: acetone body any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, 3-hydroxybutanoic acid, and acetone) produced when fatty acids are broken down in the liver to provide a source of energy. Excess ketone bodies are present in the blood and urine of people unable to use glucose as an energy source, as in diabetes and starvation

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

ketone body n.
A ketone-containing substance, such as acetoacetic acid, that is an intermediate product of fatty acid metabolism, tends to accumulate in the blood, and is excreted in the urine of individuals affected by starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Also called acetone body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ketone body  
A ketone-containing substance that is an intermediate product of the metabolism of fatty acids. Ketone bodies tend to accumulate in the blood and urine of individuals affected by starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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