city, Sindh province, south-central Pakistan. The city lies along the Khairpur East Canal, 11 miles (18 km) south of the Indus River. It was founded in 1783 by Mir (chief) Sohrab Khan, who established the Khairpur branch of the Talpur family. The settlement was selected as the seat of the mirs of northern Sindh. A communications centre, it is connected by rail with Peshawar and Karachi and by road with Sukkur and Karachi. After the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, the city developed industrially, with textile, silk, leather, and carpet manufactures and sugar and flour mills. Amenities include several parks, the mir's palace, hospitals, a library, and a stadium. Shah Abdul Latif University was founded as a campus of the University of Sindh in 1975; university status was granted in 1987.
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