khamsa

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khamsa

in Persian and Turkish literature, a set of five long epic poems composed in rhyming couplet, or masnavi, form. Khamseh takes its name from the five great epic poems written by Nezami (q.v.; d. 1209) and entitled Khamseh ("The Quintuplet"). The first of these five poems, all of which were composed in the masnavi form, is the didactic work Makhzan ol-asrar (The Treasury of Mysteries); the next three are traditional love stories; and the fifth, the Eskandar-nameh, records the adventures of Alexander the Great. Inspired by Nezami's influential model, several other notable poets, including Amir Khosrow of Delhi (1253-1325) and 'Ali Shir Nava'i (1441-1501), wrote khamsehs in Persian and in Turkish

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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