|1.||pathol Also called: renal calculus a hard mass formed in the kidney, usually composed of oxalates, phosphates, and carbonates|
|2.||mineralogy another name for nephrite|
kidney stone n.
A small hard mass in the kidney that forms from deposits chiefly of phosphates and urates. Also called nephrolith.
A calculus that originates in the kidney and is usually composed of calcium salts, uric acid, cystine, and other compounds. Kidney stones cause extreme pain and bleeding if they obstruct the passage of urine in the kidney or in the ureter. They can often be treated with lithotripsy .
Small, hard masses that form by chemical precipitation and are found in the kidneys. Kidney stones vary in size, with most of them being small enough to pass through the urinary tract for elimination in the urine. Some, however, may be large enough to obstruct the kidney and cause tremendous pain.