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small burgh (town), Perth and Kinross council area, historic county of Kinross-shire, Scotland, located on Loch Leven. The burgh, 30 miles (50 km) north of Edinburgh along the motorway (superhighway) to Perth, is primarily a residential town, with a local agricultural market centre and a cashmere-spinning mill. Lochleven Castle, on an island in the lake, was the scene of the imprisonment (1567-68) of Mary, Queen of Scots. Kinross House (1685-92), designed by Sir William Bruce, is situated on the peninsula east of the burgh. Kinross is the historic county town (seat) of Kinross-shire. Pop. (2001) 4,681.