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kind2

[kahynd] /kaɪnd/
noun
1.
a class or group of individual objects, people, animals, etc., of the same nature or character, or classified together because they have traits in common; category:
Our dog is the same kind as theirs.
2.
nature or character as determining likeness or difference between things:
These differ in degree rather than in kind.
3.
a person or thing as being of a particular character or class:
He is a strange kind of hero.
4.
a more or less adequate or inadequate example of something; sort:
The vines formed a kind of roof.
5.
Archaic.
  1. the nature, or natural disposition or character.
  2. manner; form.
6.
Obsolete. gender; sex.
Idioms
7.
in kind,
  1. in something of the same kind or in the same way as that received or borne:
    They will be repaid in kind for their rudeness.
  2. in goods, commodities, or services rather than money:
    In colonial times, payment was often made in kind.
8.
kind of, Informal. to some extent; somewhat; rather:
The room was kind of dark.
9.
of a kind, of the same class, nature, character, etc.:
They are two of a kind.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English kinde, Old English gecynd nature, race, origin; cognate with Old Norse kyndi, Old High German kikunt, Latin gēns (genitive gentis); see kin
Can be confused
kind, sort, type (see usage note at the current entry; see usage note at type)
Synonyms
1. order, genus, species; race, breed; set.
Usage note
The phrase these (or those) kind of, followed by a plural noun (these kind of flowers; those kind of shoes) is frequently condemned as ungrammatical because it is said to combine a plural demonstrative (these; those) with a singular noun, kind. Historically, kind is an unchanged or unmarked plural noun like deer, folk, sheep, and swine, and the construction these kind of is an old one, occurring in the writings of Shakespeare, Swift, Jane Austen, and, in modern times, Jimmy Carter and Winston Churchill. Kind has also developed the plural kinds, evidently because of the feeling that the old pattern was incorrect. These kind of nevertheless persists in use, especially in less formal speech and writing. In edited, more formal prose, this kind of and these kinds of are more common. Sort of has been influenced by the use of kind as an unchanged plural: these sort of books. This construction too is often considered incorrect and appears mainly in less formal speech and writing.
Kind (or sort) of as an adverbial modifier meaning “somewhat” occurs in informal speech and writing: Sales have been kind (or sort) of slow these last few weeks.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for kind of
  • It imparted to the wearer a kind of sacredness, which enabled her to walk securely amid all peril.
  • In keeping the minutes, much depends upon the kind of meeting, and whether the minutes are to be published.
  • What is the use of a violent kind of delightfulness if there is no pleasure in not getting tired of it.
  • As in some other masques, the torchbearers wear a distinctive dress, which makes them at once a kind of antimasque.
  • And of rice likewise cometh a great increase, and it is a kind of meat.
  • When the authors were pushed by a deadline and unable to find the kind of quotation they wanted, they made one up.
  • The kind of catastrophe is exactly that which is sure to strike, and strike forcibly, the minds of common persons.
  • The modern university has become a kind of intellectual shopping mall.
  • We, on the other hand, have trouble imagining that kind of society.
  • Complaints did come in, but not about the kind of big-picture issues he had imagined.
British Dictionary definitions for kind of

kind1

/kaɪnd/
adjective
1.
having a friendly or generous nature or attitude
2.
helpful to others or to another a kind deed
3.
considerate or humane
4.
cordial; courteous (esp in the phrase kind regards)
5.
pleasant; agreeable; mild a kind climate
6.
(informal) beneficial or not harmful a detergent that is kind to the hands
7.
(archaic) loving
Word Origin
Old English gecynde natural, native; see kind²

kind2

/kaɪnd/
noun
1.
a class or group having characteristics in common; sort; type two of a kind, what kind of creature?
2.
an instance or example of a class or group, esp a rudimentary one heating of a kind
3.
essential nature or character the difference is one of kind rather than degree
4.
(archaic) gender or sex
5.
(archaic) nature; the natural order
6.
in kind
  1. (of payment) in goods or produce rather than in money
  2. with something of the same sort to return an insult in kind
7.
(informal) kind of
  1. (adverb) somewhat; rather kind of tired
  2. (sentence substitute) used to express reservation or qualified assent I figured it out. Kind of
Usage note
The mixture of plural and singular constructions, although often used informally with kind and sort, should be avoided in serious writing: children enjoy those kinds (not those kind) of stories; these sorts (not these sort) of distinctions are becoming blurred
Word Origin
Old English gecynd nature; compare Old English cynkin, Gothic kuni race, Old High German kikunt, Latin gens
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kind of

kind

n.

"class, sort, variety," from Old English gecynd "kind, nature, race," related to cynn "family" (see kin), from Proto-Germanic *gakundjaz "family, race" (see kind (adj.)). Ælfric's rendition of "the Book of Genesis" into Old English came out gecyndboc. The prefix disappeared 1150-1250. No exact cognates beyond English, but it corresponds to adjective endings such as Goth -kunds, Old High German -kund. Also in English as a suffix (mankind, etc.). Other earlier, now obsolete, senses in English included "character, quality derived from birth" and "manner or way natural or proper to anyone." Use in phrase a kind of (1590s) led to colloquial extension as adverb (1804) in phrases such as kind of stupid ("a kind of stupid (person)").

adj.

"friendly, deliberately doing good to others," from Old English gecynde "natural, native, innate," originally "with the feeling of relatives for each other," from Proto-Germanic *gakundiz "natural, native," from *kunjam (see kin), with collective prefix *ga- and abstract suffix *-iz. Sense development from "with natural feelings," to "well-disposed" (c.1300), "benign, compassionate" (c.1300).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for kind of

kind of

Related Terms

some kind of


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with kind of
Also, sort of. Rather, somewhat, as in I'm kind of hungry, or The bird looked sort of like a sparrow. [ ; c. 1800 ]
This usage should not be confused with a kind of or a sort of, which are much older and refer to a borderline member of a given category (as in a kind of a shelter or a sort of a bluish color). Shakespeare had this usage in Two Gentlemen of Verona (3:1): “My master is a kind of a knave.” Also see: of a kind
In addition to the idiom beginning with
kind
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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