[kin-der-gahr-tn, -dn]
a school or class for young children between the ages of four and six years.

1850–55; < German: literally, children's garden, equivalent to Kinder children (see kind2) + Garten garden

prekindergarten, noun, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kindergarten (ˈkɪndəˌɡɑːtən)
kinder, kindy, Often shortened to (in Australia and New Zealand): kindie a class or small school for young children, usually between the ages of four and six to prepare them for primary education
[C19: from German, literally: children's garden]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1852, from Ger., lit. "children's garden," from Kinder "children" (pl. of Kind "child") + Garten "garden" (see yard (1)). Coined 1840 by Friedrich Fröbel (1782-1852) in ref. to his method of developing intelligence in young children, the first one in Eng. established 1850
by Johannes Ronge, Ger. Catholic priest. Taken into Eng. untranslated, where other nations that borrowed the institution nativized the name (cf. Dan. börnehave, Modern Heb. gan yeladim, lit. "garden of children").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We should begin teaching it in kindergarten and then teach it straight through
  high school.
Early in his presidency, he likened parliament to a kindergarten.
Children understand and use sarcasm by the time they get to kindergarten.
Not many of them can read beyond a kindergarten level.
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