Denotation vs. Connotation


[kinz-muh n] /ˈkɪnz mən/
noun, plural kinsmen.
a blood relative, especially a male.
a relative by marriage.
a person of the same nationality or ethnic group.
Origin of kinsman
late Old English
1100-50; late Old English cinnes man. See kin, 's1, man1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for kinsmen
Historical Examples
  • That they are kinsmen, that they are brethren by nature, that they are the offspring of Zeus?

  • Only when they lay dead before him did he remember that they were his own kinsmen.

    Old Greek Folk Stories Told Anew Josephine Preston Peabody
  • The Fragrant Shield Fern thrives in a colder climate than that chosen by many of its kinsmen.

    How to Know the Ferns Frances Theodora Parsons
  • They did not scruple, as other Arabs did, to fight against their kinsmen.

    History of Religion Allan Menzies
  • For these, ample accommodations must be made, whatever may become of our kinsmen and rich neighbors.

    The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Omnibus American Anti-Slavery Society
  • So he collected all his kinsmen, and set off to fetch his bride.

    Russian Fairy Tales W. R. S. Ralston
  • They were most of them grown up, and the band of kinsmen was deemed The birth of Bolli a most forbidding one to grapple with.

    Laxdla Saga Anonymous
  • kinsmen of the coming centuries, I bid you hail and godspeed!

    The Citizen-Soldier John Beatty
  • Grettir's kinsmen welcomed this proposal, and said they did not care about the money if Grettir could have peace and freedom.

  • And as to your being kinsmen, why should not kinsmen behave to each other like men of honour?

    St. Ronan's Well Sir Walter Scott
British Dictionary definitions for kinsmen


noun (pl) -men
a blood relation or a relation by marriage
a member of the same race, tribe, or ethnic stock
Derived Forms
kinswoman, noun:feminine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kinsmen



c.1200, kenesmen, from late Old English cynnes mannum; see kin + man. Kinswoman is recorded from c.1400.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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kinsmen in the Bible

Heb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin. (1.) If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it (Lev. 25:25,28; Ruth 3:9, 12). He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself into slavery (Lev. 25:48, 49). God is the Goel of his people because he redeems them (Ex. 6:6; Isa. 43:1; 41:14; 44:6, 22; 48:20; Ps. 103:4; Job 19:25, etc.). (2.) The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood (Num. 35:21) in the case of the murder of the next of kin.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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