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[kinz-muh n] /ˈkɪnz mən/
noun, plural kinsmen.
a blood relative, especially a male.
a relative by marriage.
a person of the same nationality or ethnic group.
Origin of kinsman
late Old English
1100-50; late Old English cinnes man. See kin, 's1, man1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for kinsmen


noun (pl) -men
a blood relation or a relation by marriage
a member of the same race, tribe, or ethnic stock
Derived Forms
kinswoman, noun:feminine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kinsmen



c.1200, kenesmen, from late Old English cynnes mannum; see kin + man. Kinswoman is recorded from c.1400.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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kinsmen in the Bible

Heb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin. (1.) If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it (Lev. 25:25,28; Ruth 3:9, 12). He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself into slavery (Lev. 25:48, 49). God is the Goel of his people because he redeems them (Ex. 6:6; Isa. 43:1; 41:14; 44:6, 22; 48:20; Ps. 103:4; Job 19:25, etc.). (2.) The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood (Num. 35:21) in the case of the murder of the next of kin.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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