town, capital of Nyanza province, Kenya, on the northeastern shore of Lake Victoria. It is the commercial, industrial, and transportation centre of western Kenya, serving a hinterland populated by almost four million people. Kisumu is an important link in the Lake Victoria-Mombasa trade because of its water and rail connections. It is also the chief terminus for the agricultural produce of the Nyanza and Western provinces. In 1979 a brewery and a plant to convert molasses to power alcohol were under construction. Kisumu is one of Kenya's largest cities. Asians once constituted more than a quarter of the population, but this segment has declined since independence in 1963. Pop. (2004 est.) 227,100
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