koine

koine

[koi-ney, koi-ney]
noun
1.
(usually initial capital letter) an amalgam of Greek dialects, chiefly Attic and Ionic, that replaced the Classical Greek dialects in the Hellenistic period and flourished under the Roman Empire.
2.
a lingua franca.

Origin:
1910–15; < Greek koinḗ (diálektos) common (dialect); see ceno-2

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World English Dictionary
koine (ˈkɔɪniː)
 
n
a common language among speakers of different languages; lingua franca
 
[from Greek koinē dialektos common language]

Koine (ˈkɔɪniː)
 
n
(sometimes not capital) the Koine the Ancient Greek dialect that was the lingua franca of the empire of Alexander the Great and was widely used throughout the E Mediterranean area in Roman times

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

koine
1913, common literary dialect of Gk. in Roman and early medieval period, from Gk. fem. sing. of koinos "common, ordinary."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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