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city, Tokyo to (metropolis), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Chuo Main Line, east of Tokyo city. The city first developed around the Kokubun Temple, built in the 8th century for a group of Buddhist nuns, and was an early cultural centre. During the Meiji era (1868-1912), it depended upon sericulture (silkworm culture), but after the destructive Kanto earthquake of 1923 destroyed much of central Tokyo, it grew as a residential suburb of the Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area. Agriculture in the surrounding area produces food for the metropolitan market. Pop. (2005) 117,604.