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kriegspiel

[kreeg-speel, -shpeel, kreek-] /ˈkrigˌspil, -ˌʃpil, ˈkrik-/
noun
1.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a game using small figures and counters that represent troops, ships, etc., played on a map or miniature battlefield, developed for teaching military tactics to officers.
2.
a form of chess in which both players see only their own pieces on a board in front of them and must remember the opponent's moves as told to them by a referee who maintains a third board on which the play of both players is shown.
Origin
1805-1815
1805-15; < German Kriegsspiel, equivalent to Krieg(e)s, genitive of Krieg war + Spiel game
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for kriegspiel

kriegspiel

/ˈkriːɡˌspiːl/
noun
1.
(sometimes capital) a form of war game in which symbols representing military formations are moved about on maps
2.
a variation of chess in which each player has his own board and men and does not see his opponent's board and men. The moves are regulated by an umpire on a third board out of sight of both players
Word Origin
C19: from German Kriegsspiel war game
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Contemporary definitions for kriegspiel
noun

chess using two separate boards where neither player sees the other board and in which play progresses from limited information given by a referee who tracks the moves on a third board

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Word Origin and History for kriegspiel
n.

war games played with pieces on maps, 1811 as a German word in English, from German Kriegsspiel, literally "war game," from Krieg "war," from Middle High German kriec, "combat," mostly "exertion, effort; opposition, enmity, resistance," from Old High German chreg "stubbornness, defiance, obsinancy," perhaps from PIE *gwere- "heavy" (see grave (adj.)) or cognate with Greek hybris "violence" (see hubris; cf. also war (n.)). For second element, see spiel (n.). Introduced 1870s as officer training in British army.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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