krummholz

[kroom-hohlts]
noun, plural krummholz.
a forest of stunted trees near the timber line on a mountain.
Also called elfinwood.


Origin:
1900–05; < German, equivalent to krumm crooked (Old High German krumb; see cromorne) + Holz wood; see holt

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World English Dictionary
krummholz (ˈkrʊmˌhəʊlts)
 
n
botany elfin forest another name for woodland
 
[C20: from German krumm bent + Holz wood]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
Trees often form krummholz vegetation, growing stunted and twisted on exposed slopes.
At the upper limits of tree growth, stands and krummholz mats can persist for hundreds of years.
The change from mountain fir forest to alpine krummholz to alpine meadow is a gradual transition on the mountain slopes.
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