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[kroo m-hohlts] /ˈkrʊm hoʊlts/
noun, plural krummholz.
a forest of stunted trees near the timber line on a mountain.
Also called elfinwood.
1900-05; < German, equivalent to krumm crooked (Old High German krumb; see cromorne) + Holz wood; see holt
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for krummholz
  • Trees often form krummholz vegetation, growing stunted and twisted on exposed slopes.
  • At the upper limits of tree growth, stands and krummholz mats can persist for hundreds of years.
  • The change from mountain fir forest to alpine krummholz to alpine meadow is a gradual transition on the mountain slopes.
British Dictionary definitions for krummholz


(botany) another name for elfin forest, woodland
Word Origin
C20: from German krumm bent + Holz wood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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