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do (province), northwestern South Korea. It is bounded by the truce line with North Korea (north), by the do of Kangwon (east) and Kyongsang-puk and Ch'ungch'ong-nam (south), and by the Yellow Sea (west). The nation's capital, Seoul, is in the middle of the province but was separated from it administratively in 1946 as a special city. Formerly Kyonggi do was the granary of Seoul; the Kyonggi plain, with the Han River and its tributaries flowing through it, produced rice, barley, and wheat. Dairying and truck farming and other types of horticulture are still carried on. As Seoul's industrial district has spread into the province's area, and with the construction of highways beginning in the late 1960s, a large part of the province has become the outer industrial region of Seoul. The cities of Anyang, Buchon, Songnam, and Uijongbu have developed as satellites of Seoul, each carrying on various types of industries, such as shipbuilding, iron and steel manufacturing, and plate-glass production. The city of Inch'on serves as Seoul's seaport; the city of Suwon is the provincial capital. The sea around Paengnyong do and Yonp'yong (islands) in the Kyonggi Gulf offer good fishing grounds for yellow corbinas and croakers. Area 4,196 square miles (10,867 square km). Pop. (1990 prelim.) 6,154,000.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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