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Kyrie eleison

[Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Church keer-ee-ey e-ley-uh-sawn, -son, -suh n; Greek Orthodox Church kee-ree-e e-le-ee-sawn] /Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Church ˈkɪər iˌeɪ ɛˈleɪ əˌsɔn, -ˌsɒn, -sən; Greek Orthodox Church ˈki ri ɛ ɛˈlɛ i sɔn/
(italics) the brief petition “Lord, have mercy,” used in various offices of the Greek Orthodox Church and of the Roman Catholic Church.
the brief response or petition in services in the Anglican Church, beginning with the words, “Lord, have mercy upon us.”.
Also called Kyrie. a musical setting of either of these.
Origin of Kyrie eleison
1300-50; Middle English kyrieleyson < Medieval Latin, Late Latin Kyrie eleīson < Late Greek Kýrie eléēson Lord, have mercy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for kyrie
Historical Examples
  • The kyrie is a grand, lovingly elaborated movement, a solemn Adagio, followed by a serious sustained Allegro.

  • The kyrie in the new Mass only with wind instruments and organ.

    Beethoven George Alexander Fischer
  • Maria Nuova, and the "kyrie Eleison" was chaunted a hundred times.

    Walks in Rome Augustus J.C. Hare
  • The kyrie is of great length; its score occupies forty-six pages in the Bach Gesellschaft edition.

    Bach Charles Francis Abdy Williams
  • The kyrie is preceded by the Introitus, beginning with a prayer for the departed.

  • A child after saying the trisagio said by way of protest: “I am tired of saying kirileson (kyrie eleyson).”

    The Legacy of Ignorantism T.H. Pardo de Tavera
  • On arranging his musical matters there, he missed the score of the first movement (kyrie) of his grand Mass.

    Life of Beethoven Anton Schindler
  • The kyrie is immediately followed by the singing by the choir of the Gloria in excelsis Deo.

  • "kyrie eleison," repeated the throng in that murmur which runs over all heads, like the waves of a troubled sea.

    Notre-Dame de Paris Victor Hugo
  • Get from Schlemmer what remains of the kyrie:—show him the postscript and herewith satis.

British Dictionary definitions for kyrie

Kyrie eleison

/ˈkɪrɪɪ əˈleɪsən/
a formal invocation used in the liturgies of the Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Anglican Churches
a musical setting of this
Often shortened to Kyrie
Word Origin
C14: via Late Latin from Late Greek kurie, eleēson Lord, have mercy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kyrie

kyrie eleison

early 13c., Greek liturgical formula, adopted untranslated into the Latin mass, literally "lord have mercy" (Ps. cxxii:3, Matt. xv:22, xvii:15, etc.). From kyrie, vocative of kyrios "lord, master" (see church) + eleeson, aorist imperative of eleo "I have pity on, show mercy to," from eleos "pity, mercy" (see alms).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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