|1.||a. a person who works in metal, esp one who shapes metal by hammering|
|b. (in combination): a silversmith|
|[Old English; related to Old Norse smithr, Old High German smid, Middle Low German smīde jewellery, Greek smilē carving knife]|
|1.||Adam. 1723--90, Scottish economist and philosopher, whose influential book The Wealth of Nations (1776) advocated free trade and private enterprise and opposed state interference|
|2.||Alexander McCall. born 1948, Scottish writer and academic, born in Zimbabwe. His novels include The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency (1998), The Sunday Philosophy Club (2004) and 44 Scotland Street (2005)|
|3.||Bessie, known as Empress of the Blues. 1894--1937, US blues singer and songwriter|
|4.||Delia. born 1941, British cookery writer and broadcaster: her publications include The Complete Cookery Course (1982)|
|5.||F.E. See (1st Earl of) Birkenhead|
|6.||Harvey. born 1938, British showjumper|
|7.||Ian (Douglas). 1919--2007, Zimbabwean statesman; prime minister of Rhodesia (1964--79). He declared independence from Britain unilaterally (1965)|
|8.||John. ?1580--1631, English explorer and writer, who helped found the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia. He was reputedly saved by the Indian chief's daughter Pocahontas from execution by her tribe. Among his works is a Description of New England (1616)|
|9.||John. 1938--94, British Labour politician; leader of the Labour Party 1992--94|
|10.||Joseph. 1805--44, US religious leader; founder of the Mormon Church|
|11.||Dame Maggie. born 1934, British actress. Her films include The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1969), California Suite (1978), The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne (1988), The Secret Garden (1993), and Gosford Park (2001)|
|12.||Stevie, real name Florence Margaret Smith. 1902--71, British poet. Her works include Novel on Yellow Paper (1936), and the poems `A Good Time was had by All' (1937) and `Not Waving but Drowning' (1957)|
|13.||Sydney. 1771--1845, British clergyman and writer, noted for The Letters of Peter Plymley (1807--08), in which he advocated Catholic emancipation|
|14.||Will(ard Christopher). born 1968, US film actor and rap singer; star of the television series The Fresh Prince of Bel Air (1990--96) and the films Men In Black (1997), Wild Wild West (1999), and Ali (2001)|
|15.||Wilbur. born 1933, British novelist, born in Zambia. His novels include Where the Lion Feeds (1964), Monsoon (1999) and The Quest (2007)|
|16.||William. 1769--1839, English geologist, who founded the science of stratigraphy by proving that rock strata could be dated by the fossils they contained|
Smith (smĭth), Hamilton Othanel. Born 1931.
American microbiologist. He shared a 1978 Nobel Prize for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to molecular genetics.
|Smith (smĭth) Pronunciation Key
American microbiologist who isolated bacterial enzymes that could split genetic DNA into fragments large enough to retain genetic information but small enough to permit chemical analysis. The existence of these compounds (called restriction enzymes) was earlier predicted by Werner Arber, and their discovery revolutionized genetic engineering. For this work Smith shared the 1978 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Arber and Daniel Nathans.
The Hebrews were not permitted by the Philistines in the days of Samuel to have a smith amongst them, lest they should make them swords and spears (1 Sam. 13:19). Thus the Philistines sought to make their conquest permanent (comp. 2 Kings 24:16).