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lacerate

[v. las-uh-reyt; adj. las-uh-reyt, -er-it] /v. ˈlæs əˌreɪt; adj. ˈlæs əˌreɪt, -ər ɪt/
verb (used with object), lacerated, lacerating.
1.
to tear roughly; mangle:
The barbed wire lacerated his hands.
2.
to distress or torture mentally or emotionally; wound deeply; pain greatly:
His bitter criticism lacerated my heart.
adjective
3.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin lacerātus, past participle of lacerāre to tear up (derivative of lacer mangled); see -ate1
Related forms
lacerable, adjective
lacerability
[las-er-uh-bil-i-tee] /ˌlæs ər əˈbɪl ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
noun
lacerative
[las-uh-rey-tiv, -er-uh-tiv] /ˈlæs əˌreɪ tɪv, -ər ə tɪv/ (Show IPA),
adjective
self-lacerating, adjective
unlacerating, adjective
Synonyms
1. rend. See maim.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lacerability

lacerate

verb (transitive) (ˈlæsəˌreɪt)
1.
to tear (the flesh, etc) jaggedly
2.
to hurt or harrow (the feelings, etc)
adjective (ˈlæsəˌreɪt; -rɪt)
3.
having edges that are jagged or torn; lacerated: lacerate leaves
Derived Forms
lacerable, adjective
lacerability, noun
laceration, noun
lacerative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin lacerāre to tear, from lacer mangled
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lacerability

lacerate

v.

early 15c., from Latin laceratus, past participle of lacerare "tear to pieces, mangle," figuratively, "to slander, censure, abuse," from lacer "torn, mangled," from PIE root *lek- "to rend, tear" (cf. Greek lakis "tatter, rag," lakizein "to tear to pieces;" Russian lochma "rag, tatter, scrap;" Albanian l'akur "naked"). Related: Lacerated; lacerating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lacerability in Medicine

lacerate lac·er·ate (lās'ə-rāt')
v. lac·er·at·ed, lac·er·at·ing, lac·er·ates
To rip, cut, or tear. adj. (-rĭt, -rāt')

  1. Torn; mangled.

  2. Wounded.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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