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lachrymose

[lak-ruh-mohs] /ˈlæk rəˌmoʊs/
adjective
1.
suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful.
2.
given to shedding tears readily; tearful.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < Latin lacrimōsus, equivalent to lacrim(a) tear (see lachrymal) + -ōsus -ose1
Related forms
lachrymosely, adverb
lachrymosity
[lak-ruh-mos-i-tee] /ˌlæk rəˈmɒs ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lachrymosity

lachrymose

/ˈlækrɪˌməʊs; -ˌməʊz/
adjective
1.
given to weeping; tearful
2.
mournful; sad
Derived Forms
lachrymosely, adverb
lachrymosity (ˌlækrɪˈmɒsɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin lacrimōsus, from lacrima a tear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lachrymosity

lachrymose

adj.

1660s, "tear-like," from Latin lacrimosus "tearful, sorrowful, weeping," also "causing tears, lamentable," from lacrima "tear," a dialect-altered borrowing of Greek dakryma "tear," from dakryein "to shed tears," from dakry "tear," from PIE *dakru-/*draku- (see tear (n.)). Meaning "given to tears, tearful" is first attested 1727; meaning "of a mournful character" is from 1822. The -d- to -l- alteration in Latin is the so-called "Sabine -L-," cf. Latin olere "smell," from root of odor, and Ulixes, the Latin form of Greek Odysseus. The Medieval Latin practice of writing -ch- for -c- before Latin -r- also altered anchor, pulchritude, sepulchre. The -y- is pedantic, from belief in a Greek origin. Middle English had lacrymable "tearful" (mid-15c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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