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lake1

[leyk] /leɪk/
noun
1.
a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land.
2.
any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil.
Idioms
3.
(go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.)
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English lak(e), lac(e), apparently a conflation of Old French lac, its source, Latin lacus (compare Greek lákkos, Old Irish loch, Old English, Old Saxon lagu sea, water) and Old English lacu stream, water course (compare leccan to moisten, modern dial. lake stream, channel; see leach1)

lake2

[leyk] /leɪk/
noun
1.
any of various pigments prepared from animal, vegetable, or coal-tar coloring matters by chemical or other union with metallic compounds.
2.
a red pigment prepared from lac or cochineal by combination with a metallic compound.
Origin
1610-20; variant of lac1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lakes
  • The tundra is covered in marshes, lakes, bogs and streams during the warm months.
  • The range of this bird has been expanding east in the great lakes region.
  • There are only a few sites in the world where permanent lakes of lava exist.
  • In the hollows of the plains are ponds or lakes of brackish and fresh water.
  • Trolling is also an effective way to catch northern pike in the great lakes.
  • All rebel and roller teams are members of the northern lakes conference.
  • The proximity to the great lakes does moderate temperatures somewhat.
  • The brook trout is native to small streams, creeks, lakes, and spring ponds.
  • The rerouting of great lakes shipping by the opening of the st.
  • The city is serviced by rail via the great lakes central railroad.
British Dictionary definitions for lakes

lake1

/leɪk/
noun
1.
an expanse of water entirely surrounded by land and unconnected to the sea except by rivers or streams related adjective lacustrine
2.
anything resembling this
3.
a surplus of a liquid commodity: a wine lake
Word Origin
C13: lac, via Old French from Latin lacus basin

lake2

/leɪk/
noun
1.
a bright pigment used in textile dyeing and printing inks, produced by the combination of an organic colouring matter with an inorganic compound, usually a metallic salt, oxide, or hydroxide See also mordant
2.
a red dye obtained by combining a metallic compound with cochineal
Word Origin
C17: variant of lac1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lakes

lake

n.

"body of water," early 12c., from Old French lack and directly from Latin lacus "pond, lake," also "basin, tank," related to lacuna "hole, pit," from PIE *laku- (cf. Greek lakkos "pit, tank, pond," Old Church Slavonic loky "pool, puddle, cistern," Old Irish loch "lake, pond"). The common notion is "basin." There was a Germanic form of the word, which yielded cognate Old Norse lögr "sea flood, water," Old English lacu "stream," lagu "sea flood, water," leccan "to moisten" (see leak). In Middle English, lake, as a descendant of the Old English word, also could mean "stream; river gully; ditch; marsh; grave; pit of hell," and this might have influenced the form of the borrowed word. The North American Great Lakes so called from 1660s.

"deep red coloring matter," 1610s, from French laque (see lac), from which it was obtained.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lakes in Medicine

lake 1 (lāk)
n.
A small collection of fluid.

lake 2
n.
A pigment consisting of organic coloring matter with an inorganic, usually metallic base or carrier, used in dyes, inks, and paints. v. laked, lak·ing, lakes
To cause blood plasma to become red as a result of the release of hemoglobin from the red blood cells.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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lakes in Science
lake
  (lāk)   
A large inland body of standing fresh or salt water. Lakes generally form in depressions, such as those created by glacial or volcanic action; they may also form when a section of a river becomes dammed or when a channel is isolated by a change in a river's course.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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9
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