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lament

[luh-ment] /ləˈmɛnt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to feel or express sorrow or regret for:
to lament his absence.
2.
to mourn for or over.
verb (used without object)
3.
to feel, show, or express grief, sorrow, or regret.
4.
to mourn deeply.
noun
5.
an expression of grief or sorrow.
6.
a formal expression of sorrow or mourning, especially in verse or song; an elegy or dirge.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; (noun) < Latin lāmentum plaint; (v.) < Latin lāmentārī, derivative of lāmentum
Related forms
lamenter, noun
lamentingly, adverb
Synonyms
1, 2. bewail, bemoan, deplore. 3, 4. grieve, weep. 5. lamentation, moan. 6. monody, threnody.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lam enter

lament

/ləˈmɛnt/
verb
1.
to feel or express sorrow, remorse, or regret (for or over)
noun
2.
an expression of sorrow
3.
a poem or song in which a death is lamented
Derived Forms
lamenter, noun
lamentingly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin lāmentum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lam enter

lament

v.

mid-15c., back-formation from lamentation or else from Middle French lamenter "to moan, bewail" (14c.) and directly from Latin lamentari, from lamentum (see lamentation). Related: Lamented; lamenting.

n.

1590s, from Middle French lament and directly from Latin lamentum (see lamentation).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for lam enter

lament

a nonnarrative poem expressing deep grief or sorrow over a personal loss. The form developed as part of the oral tradition along with heroic poetry and exists in most languages. Examples include Deor's Lament, an early Anglo-Saxon poem, in which a minstrel regrets his change of status in relation to his patron, and the ancient Sumerian "Lament for the Destruction of Ur." Compare complaint; elegy.

Learn more about lament with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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