the act of lamenting or expressing grief.
a lament.
Lamentations, (used with a singular verb) a book of the Bible, traditionally ascribed to Jeremiah. Abbreviation: Lam.

1325–75; < Latin lāmentātiōn- (stem of lāmentātiō), equivalent to lāmentāt(us) (past participle of lāmentārī; see lament) + -iōn- -ion; replacing Middle English lamentacioun < Anglo-FrenchLatin, as above Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
lamentation (ˌlæmɛnˈteɪʃən)
1.  a lament; expression of sorrow
2.  the act of lamenting

Lamentations (ˌlæmɛnˈteɪʃənz)
1.  a book of the Old Testament, traditionally ascribed to the prophet Jeremiah, lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem
2.  a musical setting of these poems

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from L. lamentationem (nom. lamentatio) "wailing, moaning, weeping," from lamentatus, pp. of lamentari, from lamentum "a wailing," from PIE base *la- "to shout, cry," probably ultimately imitative. Replaced O.E. cwiþan.

Biblical book, late 14c., short for Lamentations of Jeremiah, from L. Lamentationes, from Gk. Threnoi (see lamentation).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Lamentation definition

(Heb. qinah), an elegy or dirge. The first example of this form of poetry is the lament of David over Saul and Jonathan (2 Sam. 1:17-27). It was a frequent accompaniment of mourning (Amos 8:10). In 2 Sam. 3:33, 34 is recorded David's lament over Abner. Prophecy sometimes took the form of a lament when it predicted calamity (Ezek. 27:2, 32; 28:12; 32:2, 16).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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