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c.1600, "painting representing natural scenery," from Dutch landschap, from Middle Dutch landscap "region," from land "land" (see land) + -scap "-ship, condition" (see -ship). Originally introduced as a painters' term. Old English had cognate landscipe, and cf. Old High German lantscaf, German Landschaft, Old Norse landskapr. Meaning "tract of land with its distinguishing characteristics" is from 1886.
"to lay out lawns, gardens, etc., plant trees for the sake of beautification," by 1916, from landscape (n). Related: Landscaped; landscaping.