. Nearly every hacker knows one of these, and most good ones are fluent in both. Smalltalk and Prolog are also popular in small but influential communities.
There is also a rapidly dwindling category of older hackers with Fortran, or even assembler, as their language of choice. They often prefer to be known as Real Programmers, and other hackers consider them a bit odd (see "The Story of Mel
"). Assembler is generally no longer considered interesting or appropriate for anything but HLL
, and a few time-critical and hardware-specific uses in systems programs. Fortran occupies a shrinking niche in scientific programming.
Most hackers tend to frown on languages like Pascal
, which don't give them the near-total freedom considered necessary for hacking (see bondage-and-discipline language
), and to regard everything even remotely connected with COBOL
or other traditional card walloper
languages as a total and unmitigated loss