lapidist

lapidary

[lap-i-der-ee]
noun, plural lapidaries.
1.
Also, lapidist [lap-i-dist] . a worker who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones.
2.
Also, lapidarist [luh-pid-er-ist] . an expert in precious stones and the art or techniques used in cutting and engraving them.
3.
the art of cutting, polishing, and engraving precious stones.
4.
an old book on the lore of gems.
adjective Also, lapidarian [lap-i-dair-ee-uhn] .
5.
of or pertaining to the cutting or engraving of precious stones.
6.
characterized by an exactitude and extreme refinement that suggests gem cutting: a lapidary style; lapidary verse.
7.
of, pertaining to, or suggestive of inscriptions on stone monuments.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English lapidarie (noun) < Latin lapidārius of stone (adj.), stone-cutter (noun), equivalent to lapid- (stem of lapis) stone + -ārius -ary

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World English Dictionary
lapidary (ˈlæpɪdərɪ)
 
n , pl -daries
1.  a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
 
adj
2.  of or relating to gemstones or the work of a lapidary
3.  Also: lapidarian engraved, cut, or inscribed in a stone or gemstone
4.  of sufficiently high quality to be engraved on a stone: a lapidary inscription
 
[C14: from Latin lapidārius, from lapid-, lapis stone]
 
lapi'darian
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

lapidary
"one skilled in working with precious stones," 1382, from O.Fr. lapidaire, from L. lapidarius "stonecutter," originally an adj. "of or working with stone," from lapis (gen. lapidis) "stone."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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