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late

[leyt] /leɪt/
adjective, later or latter, latest or last.
1.
occurring, coming, or being after the usual or proper time:
late frosts; a late spring.
2.
continued until after the usual time or hour; protracted:
a late business meeting.
3.
near or at the end of day or well into the night:
a late hour.
4.
belonging to the time just before the present moment; most recent:
a late news bulletin.
5.
immediately preceding the present one; former:
the late attorney general.
6.
recently deceased:
the late Mr. Phipps.
7.
occurring at an advanced stage in life:
a late marriage.
8.
belonging to an advanced period or stage in the history or development of something:
the late phase of feudalism.
adverb, later, latest.
9.
after the usual or proper time, or after delay:
to arrive late.
10.
until after the usual time or hour; until an advanced hour, especially of the night:
to work late.
11.
at or to an advanced time, period, or stage:
The flowers keep their blossoms late in warm climates.
12.
recently but no longer:
a man late of Chicago, now living in Philadelphia.
Idioms
13.
of late, lately; recently:
The days have been getting warmer of late.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English læt slow, late; cognate with German lass slothful, Old Norse latr, Gothic lats slow, lazy, Latin lassus tired
Related forms
lateness, noun
overlate, adjective
overlateness, noun
Can be confused
former, later, latter.
Synonyms
1. tardy; slow, dilatory; delayed, belated. 4. See modern.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for lateness
  • Judging by the amount of beer and snacks consumed and the lateness of our departure back home, the evening was a success.
  • lateness is a self-fulfilling prophecy: aware that everyone else is likely to be late, the punctual stop making an effort.
  • It was perplexing that they should have been surprised by the lateness of the train.
  • lateness came early to both, both dead in their fifties.
  • They run on a tight schedule and do not make allowances for casual lateness.
  • lateness will result in your ticket being invalidated.
  • But none of that excuses pointless and conspicuous lateness.
  • Now she was management, and she could no longer shrug off an employee's chronic lateness or poor work habits.
  • Once again the lateness of the tickers added to the confusion and as a guide to the trading were well-nigh worthless.
  • He had punctured the window of acceptable lateness two minutes ago.
British Dictionary definitions for lateness

late

/leɪt/
adjective
1.
occurring or arriving after the correct or expected time the train was late
2.
(prenominal) occurring, scheduled for, or being at a relatively advanced time a late marriage
3.
(prenominal) towards or near the end the late evening
4.
at an advanced time in the evening or at night it was late
5.
(prenominal) occurring or being just previous to the present time his late remarks on industry
6.
(prenominal) having died, esp recently my late grandfather
7.
(prenominal) just preceding the present or existing person or thing; former the late manager of this firm
8.
of late, recently; lately
adverb
9.
after the correct or expected time he arrived late
10.
at a relatively advanced age she married late
11.
recently; lately as late as yesterday he was selling books
12.
late hours, rising and going to bed later than is usual
13.
late in the day
  1. at a late or advanced stage
  2. too late
Derived Forms
lateness, noun
Usage note
Since late can mean deceased, many people think it is better to avoid using this word to refer to the person who held a post or position before its present holder: the previous (not the late) editor of The Times
Word Origin
Old English læt; related to Old Norse latr, Gothic lats
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lateness

late

adj.

Old English læt "occurring after the customary or expected time," originally "slow, sluggish," from Proto-Germanic *lata- (cf. Old Norse latr "sluggish, lazy," Middle Dutch, Old Saxon lat, German laß "idle, weary," Gothic lats "weary, sluggish, lazy," latjan "to hinder"), from PIE *led- "slow, weary" (cf. Latin lassus "faint, weary, languid, exhausted," Greek ledein "to be weary"), from root *le- "to let go, slacken" (see let (v.)).

The sense of "deceased" (as in the late Mrs. Smith) is from late 15c., from an adverbial sense of "recently." Of women's menstrual periods, attested colloquially from 1962. Related: Lateness. As an adverb, from Old English late.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with lateness
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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