a toilet or something used as a toilet, as a trench in the earth in a camp, or bivouac area.

1635–45; < French < Latin lātrīna, short for lavātrīna place for washing, derivative of lavāre to wash Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
latrine (ləˈtriːn)
a lavatory, as in a barracks, camp, etc
[C17: from French, from Latin lātrīna, shortened form of lavātrīna bath, from lavāre to wash]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from L. latrina, contraction of lavatrina "washbasin, washroom," from lavatus, pp. of lavare "to wash" (see lave) + -trina, suffix denoting "workplace." Its reappearance in 1640s is probably a re-borrowing from Fr.; esp. of a privy of a camp, barracks, college, hospital,
etc. Latrine rumor "baseless gossip" (of the kind that spreads in conversations in latrines) is military slang, first recorded 1918.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The stench was especially bad at night when they camped near their newly dug
We were taught how to dig latrines and began getting more food, even milk.
One aid shortfall that the film focuses on is provision of latrines.
Three species turn their pitchers into latrines for tree-shrews.
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