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lean1

[leen] /lin/
verb (used without object), leaned or (especially British) leant; leaning.
1.
to incline or bend from a vertical position:
She leaned out the window.
2.
to incline, as in a particular direction; slant:
The post leans to the left. The building leaned sharply before renovation.
3.
to incline in feeling, opinion, action, etc.:
to lean toward socialism.
4.
to rest against or on something for support:
to lean against a wall.
5.
to depend or rely (usually followed by on or upon):
someone he could lean on in an emergency.
verb (used with object), leaned or (especially British) leant; leaning.
6.
to incline or bend:
He leaned his head forward.
7.
to cause to lean or rest; prop:
to lean a chair against the railing.
noun
8.
the act or state of leaning; inclination:
The tower has a pronounced lean.
Verb phrases
9.
lean in,
  1. to shift one's body weight forward or toward someone or something:
    He stood near home plate and leaned in for the pitch.
  2. to embrace risk, be assertive, etc., as to achieve the greatest level of success in the workplace:
    She really knows how to lean in—she'll have a corner office before long.
10.
lean on, Informal.
  1. to exert influence or pressure on in order to gain cooperation, maintain discipline, or the like:
    The state is leaning on the company to clean up its industrial wastes.
  2. to criticize, reprimand, or punish:
    I would have enjoyed school more if the teachers hadn't leaned on me so much.
Idioms
11.
lean over backward(s). bend1 (def 21).
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English lenen, Old English hleonian, hlinian; cognate with G. lehnen; akin to Latin clīnāre to incline, Greek klī́nein
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for leaned in

lean1

/liːn/
verb leans, leaning, leaned, leant
1.
foll by against, on, or upon. to rest or cause to rest against a support
2.
to incline or cause to incline from a vertical position
3.
(intransitive; foll by to or towards) to have or express a tendency or leaning
4.
(informal) lean over backwards, to make a special effort, esp in order to please
noun
5.
the condition of inclining from a vertical position
See also lean on
Word Origin
Old English hleonian, hlinian; related to Old High German hlinēn, Latin clīnāre to incline

lean2

/liːn/
adjective
1.
(esp of a person or an animal) having no surplus flesh or bulk; not fat or plump
2.
not bulky or full
3.
(of meat) having little or no fat
4.
not rich, abundant, or satisfying
5.
(of a mixture of fuel and air) containing insufficient fuel and too much air: a lean mixture
6.
(of printer's type) having a thin appearance
7.
(of a paint) containing relatively little oil
8.
(of an ore) not having a high mineral content
9.
(of concrete) made with a small amount of cement
noun
10.
the part of meat that contains little or no fat
Derived Forms
leanly, adverb
leanness, noun
Word Origin
Old English hlǣne, of Germanic origin

Lean

/liːn/
noun
1.
Sir David. 1908–91, English film director. His films include In Which We Serve (1942), Blithe Spirit (1945), Brief Encounter (1946), Great Expectations (1946), Oliver Twist (1948), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Dr Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for leaned in

lean

v.

c.1200, from Old English hleonian "to bend, recline, lie down, rest," from Proto-Germanic *khlinen (cf. Old Saxon hlinon, Old Frisian lena, Middle Dutch lenen, Dutch leunen, Old High German hlinen, German lehnen "to lean"), from PIE root *klei- "to lean, to incline" (cf. Sanskrit srayati "leans," sritah "leaning;" Old Persian cay "to lean;" Lithuanian slyti "to slope," slieti "to lean;" Latin clinare "to lean, bend," clivus "declivity," inclinare "cause to bend," declinare "bend down, turn aside;" Greek klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Old Irish cloin "crooked, wrong;" Middle Irish cle, Welsh cledd "left," literally "slanting;" Welsh go-gledd "north," literally "left" -- for similar sense evolution, see Yemen, Benjamin, southpaw).

Meaning "to incline the body against something for support" is mid-13c. Figurative sense of "to trust for support" is from early 13c. Sense of "to lean toward mentally, to favor" is from late 14c. Related: Leaned; leaning. Colloquial lean on "put pressure on" (someone) is first recorded 1960.

adj.

"thin, spare, with little flesh or fat," c.1200, from Old English hlæne "lean, thin," possibly from hlænan "cause to lean or bend," from Proto-Germanic *khlainijan, which would connect it to Old English hleonian (see lean (v.)). But perhaps rather, according to OED, from a PIE *qloinio- (cf. Lithuanian klynas "scrap, fragment," Lettish kleins "feeble"). Extended and figurative senses from early 14c. The noun meaning "lean animals or persons" is from c.1200, from the adjective.

n.

"action or state of leaning," 1776, from lean (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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