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legate

[leg-it] /ˈlɛg ɪt/
noun
1.
an ecclesiastic delegated by the pope as his representative.
2.
Roman History.
  1. an assistant to a general or to a consul or magistrate, in the government of any army or a province; a commander of a legion.
  2. a provincial governor of senatorial rank appointed by the emperor.
3.
an envoy or emissary.
Origin
1125-1175
1125-75; Middle English legat < Latin lēgātus deputy (noun use of masculine past participle of lēgāre to depute), equivalent to lēgā(re) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
legateship, noun
underlegate, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for legate-ship

legate

/ˈlɛɡɪt/
noun
1.
a messenger, envoy, or delegate
2.
(RC Church) an emissary to a foreign state representing the Pope
Derived Forms
legateship, noun
legatine (ˈlɛɡəˌtaɪn) adjective
Word Origin
Old English, via Old French from Latin lēgātus deputy, from lēgāre to delegate; related to lēx law
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for legate-ship

legate

n.

mid-12c., "authorized representative of the Pope," from Old French legat and directly from Latin legatus "ambassador, envoy," originally "provided with a commission," past participle of legare "send as a deputy, send with a commission, bequeath," from lex (genitive legis) "contract, law" (see legal). General sense of "ambassador, delegate, messenger" is from late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for legate-ship

legate

official who acted as a deputy general to governors of provinces conquered by ancient Rome in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, during the period of the republic. In the latter part of the 1st century BC, Julius Caesar initiated the practice of appointing legates to command legions in the army. This practice became customary under the emperor Augustus (27 BC-AD 14). Under the early empire, in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, a province containing one or more legions was governed by a military commander with the title legatus Augusti pro praetore (propraetorian legate of the emperor).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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7
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