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legend

[lej-uh nd] /ˈlɛdʒ ənd/
noun
1.
a nonhistorical or unverifiable story handed down by tradition from earlier times and popularly accepted as historical.
2.
the body of stories of this kind, especially as they relate to a particular people, group, or clan:
the winning of the West in American legend.
3.
an inscription, especially on a coat of arms, on a monument, under a picture, or the like.
4.
a table on a map, chart, or the like, listing and explaining the symbols used.
Compare key1 (def 8).
5.
Numismatics, inscription (def 8).
6.
a collection of stories about an admirable person.
7.
a person who is the center of such stories:
She became a legend in her own lifetime.
8.
Archaic. a story of the life of a saint, especially one stressing the miraculous or unrecorded deeds of the saint.
9.
Obsolete. a collection of such stories or stories like them.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; 1900-05 for def 4; Middle English legende written account of a saint's life < Medieval Latin legenda literally, (lesson) to be read, noun use of feminine of Latin legendus, gerund of legere to read; so called because appointed to be read on respective saints' days
Related forms
prelegend, noun, adjective
Can be confused
fable, legend, myth (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. Legend, fable, myth refer to fictitious stories, usually handed down by tradition (although some fables are modern). Legend, originally denoting a story concerning the life of a saint, is applied to any fictitious story, sometimes involving the supernatural, and usually concerned with a real person, place, or other subject: the legend of the Holy Grail. A fable is specifically a fictitious story (often with animals or inanimate things as speakers or actors) designed to teach a moral: a fable about industrious bees. A myth is one of a class of stories, usually concerning gods, semidivine heroes, etc., current since primitive times, the purpose of which is to attempt to explain some belief or natural phenomenon: the Greek myth about Demeter.
Antonyms
1. fact.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for legends
  • Don't bother worrying if illustrations or graphs are on different pages than the legends that explain the meaning.
  • Once our ancestors learnt to speak, something unusual and frightening would give rise to all sorts of rumours and legends.
  • Infinity is only in those who are legends in their own minds trying to prove their own minds can comprehend the infinite.
  • Theologians call these myths of origin, legends of the fall, and doctrines of sin and redemption.
  • Some had served in the military and finagled paperwork that bumped them up several ranks and turned them into battlefield legends.
  • Weird stuff to hear from a gang of modern rock legends.
  • Among the villains, on the other hand, of these dinner-table legends were wild boars and wolves.
  • But you would see people applying these myths and legends to the historical contexts of their own regions.
  • It was almost a matter of course that there should be legends of confession.
  • It has codified their grammars, their pronunciations and their word-formation patterns, as well as their songs and legends.
British Dictionary definitions for legends

legend

/ˈlɛdʒənd/
noun
1.
a popular story handed down from earlier times whose truth has not been ascertained
2.
a group of such stories the Arthurian legend
3.
a modern story that has taken on the characteristics of a traditional legendary tale
4.
a person whose fame or notoriety makes him a source of exaggerated or romanticized tales or exploits
5.
an inscription or title, as on a coin or beneath a coat of arms
6.
explanatory matter accompanying a table, map, chart, etc
7.
  1. a story of the life of a saint
  2. a collection of such stories
Derived Forms
legendry, noun
Word Origin
C14 (in the sense: a saint's life or a collection of saints' lives): from Medieval Latin legenda passages to be read, from Latin legere to read
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for legends

legend

n.

early 14c., "narrative dealing with a happening or an event," from Old French legende (12c., Modern French légende) and directly from Medieval Latin legenda "legend, story," literally "(things) to be read," on certain days in church, etc., from Latin legendus, neuter plural gerundive of legere "to read, gather, select" (see lecture (n.)).

Used originally of saints' lives; extended sense of "nonhistorical or mythical story" first recorded late 14c. Meaning "writing or inscription" (especially on a coin or medal) is from 1610s; on a map, illustration, etc., from 1903.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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