[leesh-muh-nahy-uh-sis, lahysh-]
noun Pathology.
any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
Also, leishmaniosis [leesh-man-ee-oh-sis, -mey-nee-, lahysh-] .
Compare kala-azar.

1910–15; leishman(ia) + -iasis

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World English Dictionary
leishmaniasis or leishmaniosis (ˌliːʃməˈnaɪəsɪs, liːʃˌmeɪnɪˈəʊsɪs, -ˌmæn-)
any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
leishmaniosis or leishmaniosis

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

leishmaniasis leish·man·i·a·sis (lēsh'mə-nī'ə-sĭs)

  1. An infection caused by the flagellated protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted to humans by bloodsucking sand flies.

  2. A disease, such as kala-azar caused by flagellated protozoa of the genus Leishmania.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
leishmaniasis   (lēsh'mə-nī'ə-sĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
An infection or disease caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sand flies and characterized by skin ulcerations or an acute illness marked by fever, anemia, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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