lex talionis

lex talionis

[leks tal-ee-oh-nis]
noun
the principle or law of retaliation that a punishment inflicted should correspond in degree and kind to the offense of the wrongdoer, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; retributive justice.
Also called talion.


Origin:
1590–1600; < Latin lēx taliōnis law of talion

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Collins
World English Dictionary
lex talionis (ˌtælɪˈəʊnɪs)
 
n
the law of revenge or retaliation
 
[C16: New Latin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

lex talionis
1590s, from L., "law of retaliation;" an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

lex talionis

principle developed in early Babylonian law and present in both biblical and early Roman law that criminals should receive as punishment precisely those injuries and damages they had inflicted upon their victims. Many early societies applied this "eye-for-an-eye" principle literally.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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