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liberum veto

[lib-er-uh m, lee-ber-] /ˈlɪb ər əm, ˈli bər-/
noun
1.
a veto exercised by a single member of a legislative body whose rules require unanimity.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95; < Latin līberum, neuter of līber free
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for liberum veto

in Polish history, the legal right of each member of the Sejm (legislature) to defeat by his vote alone any measure under consideration or to dissolve the Sejm and nullify all acts passed during its session. Based on the assumption that all members of the Polish nobility were absolutely equal politically, the veto meant, in practice, that every bill introduced into the Sejm had to be passed unanimously. It was first used to dissolve a session of the Sejm in 1652. Subsequently, it was used extensively, often paralyzing the government, making a centralization of power (opposed by nobles jealous of their independence) impossible, and leaving Poland vulnerable to the influence of foreign powers, which habitually bribed delegates to the Sejm to force the adjournment of sessions that threatened to pass legislation contrary to their interests

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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