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lick

[lik] /lɪk/
verb (used with object)
1.
to pass the tongue over the surface of, as to moisten, taste, or eat (often followed by up, off, from, etc.):
to lick a postage stamp; to lick an ice-cream cone.
2.
to make, or cause to become, by stroking with the tongue:
to lick a spoon clean.
3.
(of waves, flames, etc.) to pass or play lightly over:
The flame licked the dry timber.
4.
Informal.
  1. to hit or beat, especially as a punishment; thrash; whip.
  2. to overcome or defeat, as in a fight, game, or contest.
  3. to outdo or surpass.
verb (used without object)
5.
to move quickly or lightly.
noun
6.
a stroke of the tongue over something.
7.
as much as can be taken up by one stroke of the tongue.
8.
9.
Informal.
  1. a blow.
  2. a brief, brisk burst of activity or energy.
  3. a quick pace or clip; speed.
  4. a small amount:
    I haven't done a lick of work all week.
10.
Usually, licks. a critical or complaining remark.
11.
Usually, licks. Jazz Slang. a musical phrase, as by a soloist in improvising.
Verb phrases
12.
lick up, to lap up; devour greedily.
Idioms
13.
last licks, a final turn or opportunity:
We got in our last licks on the tennis court before the vacation ended.
14.
lick and a promise, a hasty and perfunctory performance in doing something:
I didn't have time to clean thoroughly, so I gave the room a lick and a promise.
15.
lick ass, Slang: Vulgar. kiss (def 17).
16.
lick into shape, Informal. to bring to completion or perfection through discipline, hard work, etc.:
They needed another rehearsal to lick the production into shape.
17.
lick one's chops. chop3 (def 7).
18.
lick one's wounds. wound1 (def 6).
19.
lick the dust. dust (def 23).
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English liccian, cognate with Old Saxon liccōn, Old High German leckōn; akin to Go bilaigon, Latin lingere, Greek leíchein to lick (up)
Related forms
licker, noun
Synonyms
9a. thwack, thump, rap, slap, cuff, buffet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lick up

lick

/lɪk/
verb
1.
(transitive) to pass the tongue over, esp in order to taste or consume
2.
to flicker or move lightly over or round (something): the flames licked around the door
3.
(transitive) (informal)
  1. to defeat or vanquish
  2. to flog or thrash
  3. to be or do much better than
4.
lick into shape, to put into a satisfactory condition: from the former belief that bear cubs were born formless and had to be licked into shape by their mother
5.
lick one's lips, to anticipate or recall something with glee or relish
6.
lick one's wounds, to retire after a defeat or setback in order to husband one's resources
7.
lick the boots of, See boot1 (sense 14)
noun
8.
an instance of passing the tongue over something
9.
a small amount: a lick of paint
10.
Also called salt lick. a block of compressed salt or chemical matter provided for domestic animals to lick for medicinal and nutritional purposes
11.
a place to which animals go to lick exposed natural deposits of salt
12.
(informal) a hit; blow
13.
(slang) a short musical phrase, usually on one instrument
14.
(informal) speed; rate of movement: he was going at quite a lick when he hit it
15.
a lick and a promise, something hastily done, esp a hurried wash
Derived Forms
licker, noun
Word Origin
Old English liccian; related to Old High German leckon, Latin lingere, Greek leikhein
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lick up

lick

v.

Old English liccian "to pass the tongue over the surface, lap, lick up," from Proto-Germanic *likkon (cf. Old Saxon likkon, Dutch likken, Old High German lecchon, German lecken, Gothic bi-laigon), from PIE imitative base *leigh- (cf. Sanskrit ledhi "he licks," Armenian lizum "I lick," Greek leikhein "to lick," Latin lingere "to lick," Old Irish ligim "I lick," Welsh llwy "spoon"). French lécher is a Germanic loan word.

To lick (someone or something) into shape (1610s) is in reference to the supposed ways of bears:

Beres ben brought forthe al fowle and transformyd and after that by lyckyng of the fader and the moder they ben brought in to theyr kyndely shap. ["The Pylgremage of the Sowle," 1413]

"to beat," 1535, perhaps from figurative use of lick (v.1) in the Coverdale bible that year in sense of "defeat, annihilate" (an enemy's forces) in Num. xxii:4:

Now shal this heape licke up all that is about vs, euen as an oxe licketh vp the grasse in the field.
But to lick (of) the whip "taste punishment" is attested from mid-15c.

n.

"an act of licking," c.1600, from lick (v.1). Meaning "small portion" is 1814, originally Scottish; hence U.S. colloquial sense. Sense of "place where an animal goes to lick salt" is from 1747. The jazz music sense of "short figure or solo" is by 1922.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for lick up

lick

noun
  1. A blow; stroke: I got in a couple good licks before he decked me (1678+)
  2. Censure; adverse criticism; hit, knock: The show is no winner, but doesn't deserve the licks it's taken (1739+)
  3. A try; attempt; crack, shot, whack: I probably won't make it, but I'll give it a good lick (1863+)
  4. A time at bat: So the Yankees come up for their last licks (1883+ Baseball)
  5. A short figure or solo, esp when improvised; break, riff: a few solid licks on the sliphorn/ that I know are exactly the licks that I play (1920s+ Jazz musicians)
verb
  1. To beat; pummel; lambaste, larrup (1563+)
  2. To defeat; clobber: Next time we'll lick 'em for good (1800+)
Related Terms

hit it a lick


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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