licorice

[lik-er-ish, lik-rish, lik-uh-ris]
noun
1.
a Eurasian plant, Glycyrrhiza glabra, of the legume family.
2.
the sweet-tasting, dried root of this plant or an extract made from it, used in medicine, confectionery, etc.
3.
a candy flavored with licorice root.
4.
any of various related or similar plants.
Also, liquorice.


Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English lycorys < Anglo-French < Vulgar Latin *liquiritia for Latin glycyrrhiza < Greek glykýrriza sweetroot (plant), equivalent to glyký(s) sweet + rhíza root1; see -ia

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World English Dictionary
licorice (ˈlɪkərɪs)
 
n
the usual US and Canadian spelling of liquorice

liquorice or (US and Canadian) licorice (ˈlɪkərɪs, -ərɪʃ, ˈlɪkərɪs, -ərɪʃ)
 
n
1.  a perennial Mediterranean leguminous shrub, Glycyrrhiza glabra, having spikes of pale blue flowers and flat red-brown pods
2.  the dried root of this plant, used as a laxative and in confectionery
3.  a sweet having a liquorice flavour
 
[C13: via Anglo-Norman and Old French from Late Latin liquirītia, from Latin glycyrrhīza, from Greek glukurrhiza, from glukus sweet + rhiza root]
 
licorice or (US and Canadian) licorice
 
n
 
[C13: via Anglo-Norman and Old French from Late Latin liquirītia, from Latin glycyrrhīza, from Greek glukurrhiza, from glukus sweet + rhiza root]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

licorice
c.1200, from Anglo-Fr. lycoryc, from O.Fr. licorece, from L.L. liquiritia, alteration of L. glychyrrhiza, from Gk. glykyrrhiza, lit. "sweet root," from glykys "sweet" (see glucose) + rhiza "root;" form influenced in L. by liquere "become fluid," associated by the method
of extracting the sweet stuff from the root. Fr. réglisse, It. regolizia are the same word, with metathesis of -l- and -r-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Licorice, a common additive, becomes co-carcinogenic when burned.
Ditto antioxidants found in pomegranates, red wine and licorice root.
The last experiment replaced songs with a variety of jellybeans, from green
  apple to licorice.
Some licorice products don't contain extracts from the actual root and instead
  use anise to achieve a similar flavor.
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